Around the year 1000 B.C. David captured the city of Jerusalem then after the death of his son and heir, Solomon in 932 B.C. the kingdom was divided. The northern part called the Kingdom of Israel, would cease to exist as a nation two centuries later; the southern part, the Kingdom of Judah, would last until the year 587 B.C. The year in which the temple in Jerusalem was destroyed followed by the Exile to Babylon.
The 400 year period covered by the Book of Kings are considered as the most important in sacred history since God raised up for himself many prophets from among his people. In fact the greater part of the old testament and not just the Book of Kings was written during these four centuries.
In the beginning, 1 and 2 Kings formed but one volume and was the fruit of the prophets's reflections which were then edited during the exile in Babylon. It is primarily a religious discourse and as such many events which historians may have considered important have been deliberately omitted such as the reigns of Omri and Jeroboam II in Samaria. Its judgement on the Kings of Israel (in Samaria) is most often negative blaming them for the division of the Kingdom of David. Only a few kings of Judah are praised for their loyalty to Yahweh. We note three essential elements, namely;
- the grandeur of Solomon's reign and of the Temple in Jerusalem
- the history of the two kingdoms after their division and finally
- the destruction of the Kingdom of Israel and the history of Judah until the destruction of Jerusalem's itself in 587 B.C.
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Chapter 1; Verses 1 to 27
The Struggle For The Succession
Footbridge over the Railway Lines
"Let a young virgin be sought for my Lord the King, and let her wait on the King and be his attendant; let her lie in your bossom, ..."
Chapter 1; Verses 28 to 53
The Accession of Solomon
The York Spiritualist Church
"... let the priest Zadok and the prophet Nathan anoint him king over Israel; then blow the trumpet, and say, "Long live King Solomon!""
Chapter 2; Verses 1 to 9
David's Instruction to Solomon
"Act therefore according to your wisdom, but do not let his grey head go down to Sheol in peace."
Chapter 2; Verses 10 to 12
Death of David
Town Scape Architects
"The time that David reigned over Israel was forty years; he reigned for seven years in Hebron, and thirty three years in Jerusalem."
Chapter 2; Verses 13 to 46
Solomon Consolidates His Reign
The Fox Pub
"Please ask King Solomon - he will not refuse you - to give me Abishag the Shunammite as my wife."
Chapter 3; Verses 1 to 15
Solomon's Prayer for Wisdom
Holgate Engineering Works
"Give your servant therefore an understanding mind to govern your people, able to discern between good and evil; for who can govern this your great people?"
Chapter 3; Verses 16 to 28
Solomon's Wisdom in Judgement
"The King said, "Divide the living boy in two; then give half to one and half to the other.""
Chapter 4; Verses 1 to 19
Solomon's Administrative Officers
Sterling House (Test Centre)
"King Solomon was king over all Israel, and these were his high officials;..."
Chapter 4; Verses 20 to 28
Magnificence of Solomon's Rule
Leeman House (Cowi)
"Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand by the sea; they ate and drank and were happy."
Chapter 4; Verses 29 to 34
Fame of Solomon's Wisdom
Swinson House (Bupa Dental)
"He would speak of trees, from the cedar that is in the Lebanon to the hyssop that grows in the wall; he would speak of animals, and birds, and reptiles, and fish."
Chapter 5; Verses 1 to 18
Preparations and Materials for the Temple
"So Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders and the Gebalites did the stonecutting and prepared the timber and the stone to build the house"
Chapter 6; Verses 1 to 27
Solomon Builds the Temple
Gateway Business Park 1